“Cancer”- types and treatment

Cancer is considered as a genetic disease. This genetic disease, cancer can be hereditary or may be due to certain environmental exposures. The environmental exposures that cause damage in DNA chemicals are present in tobacco smoke, and radiation (ultraviolet rays from the sun). These environmental exposures cause the body cells to divide in an unstable manner resulting cancer. The genes responsible cancer are of three types

• Proto-oncogenes

• Tumor suppressor genes

• DNA repair genes

The genetic changes that cause cancer are known as “Drivers” of cancer

Types of cancers

There are about hundred types of cancer. But the types of cancer are usually named for the organs or tissues where the cancers form. Let us discuss some categories of cancer

Carcinoma

Cancer happens in the epithelial cells are called as carcinoma. Some types of Carcinoma.

• Adenocarcinoma,

• Basal cell carcinoma ,

• Squamous cell carcinoma,

• Transitional cell carcinoma

Sarcoma

Cancer occurring in bones and soft tissues are called as Sarcoma. Types of Sarcoma

• Osteosarcoma,

• Leiomyosarcoma,

• Kaposi sarcoma,

• Malignant fibrous histiocytoma,

• Liposarcoma

• Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans

Leukemia

Cancer seen in bone marrow is called as Leukemia. Leukemia is not solid tumors. An example of one type of leukemia is acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Lymphoma

Cancer occurring in the lymphocytes (T cells or B cells) are called Lymphoma. There are types of Lymphoma and they are

• Hodgkin lymphoma

• Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Multiple Myeloma

Cancer occurring in the plasma cells (immune cell) is called as Multiple Myeloma. This Multiple Myeloma also called as plasma cell myeloma and Kahler disease.

Melanoma

Cancer occurring in the melanocytes, cells that make melanin pigment

Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors

These tumors are named based on the type of cell in which they formed and where the tumor first formed in the central nervous system. Some examples of brain or spinal cord tumors are

• astrocytic tumor

• Brain tumors

Other Types of Tumors

Germ Cell Tumors

Germ cell tumors originate from sperm or eggs cells

Neuroendocrine Tumors

This type of neuroendocrine tumors originates from hormone-releasing cells which respond to signal from the nervous system

Carcinoid Tumors

Carcinoid tumors are commonly seen in the gastrointestinal system. This type of Carcinoid tumors is slow-growing tumors.

Symptoms of cancer

The symptoms of cancer in men are given below.

• Bowel changes

• Rectal bleeding

• Urinary changes

• Blood in urine

• Persistent back pain

• Unusual coughing

• Testicular lumps

• Excessive fatigue

• Unexplained weight loss

• Lumps in the breast

The symptoms for cancer in women are given below

• Abnormal vaginal bleeding

• Unexplained weight loss

• Vaginal discharge colored with blood

• Constant fatigue

• Swollen leg

• Loss of appetite or feeling full all the time

• Pain in the pelvis or abdominal area

• A bloated belly

• Constantly needing bathroom breaks

• Persistent indigestion or nausea

Treatments for cancer

Cancer treatments include:

• Surgery

• Radiation Therapy

• Chemotherapy

• Immunotherapy

• Targeted Therapy

• Hormone Therapy

• Stem Cell Transplant.

• Precision Medicine.

Patient expertise: Cervical cancer treatment in early stage

Greater than 11,000 American ladies advance cervical melanoma each and every yr. Nevertheless, cervical melanoma is a treatable and there is an excellent hazard of cure if the cancer is determined and dealt with in the early stages.

The Cervix

The uterus opens into the vagina through the cervix. Squamous cells make up the outer layer of the cervix. Squamous mobile carcinoma of the cervix is the title for melanoma that influences these cells.

The cervix also includes glandular cells, which line the hole of the cervix and the canal that leads into the uterus. These cells may additionally come to be cancerous; after they do, they are referred to as adenocarcinomas of the cervix. Despite the fact that they arise from unique forms of cells, squamous telephone carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the cervix are handled in a similar fashion within the early stages.

Cervical Cancer Risk Factors

The most usual threat element for cervical melanoma medication is contamination with a plague called human papilloma virus (HPV). HPV is spread by way of direct dermis-to-skin contact, together with sexual intercourse, oral sex, anal intercourse or any other contact involving the genital area. HPV contamination may additionally rationale a noncancerous condition known as condyloma.

Most HPV infections are transitorily since the body’s immune method readily clears the infection. When distinct forms of the HPV virus persist in the physique, there is a larger likelihood that the viral illness will motive cervical telephone abnormalities similar to dysplasia or melanoma; chronic infections are believed to arise in 10 to 20 percent of females. Proof of HPV contamination can also be detected in just about all cervical cancers.

Cervical Cancer Symptoms

Mainly, cervical cancer treatment improves slowly over an interval of several years. In some ladies, the cancer does not motive any signs, at the same time in others it explanations abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge. This can include bleeding between menstrual intervals, bleeding after intercourse, or bleeding after menopause. This bleeding could also be not more than a spot of blood.

Abnormal bleeding can also be caused by a number of other conditions, not related to cancer treatment. If you have abnormal vaginal bleeding, make an appointment to see your doctor or nurse.

Cervical Cancer Diagnosis

Cervical cancer cure is identified with a cervical biopsy. A biopsy includes eliminating a small piece of tissue. The biopsy is performed throughout an office talk over with utilizing a procedure referred to as colposcopy. The colposcope magnifies the cervix. This permits the clinician to better see the place, extent and measure of very small abnormalities that will not be seen with the naked eye on my own.

The tissue obtained for the period of the biopsy is analyzed with a microscope to look if cervical cancer cells are gift. In some circumstances, a larger biopsy called cervical conization is needed. This can also be carried out within the working room with a scalpel or within the place of job making use of loop electro excision method.

If a biopsy shows cervical cancer, you must see a health care professional who makes a specialty of cancers of the female reproductive method.

Looking For Inexpensive Treatment For Cancer? Travel To India

In 2012, the number of new cancer cases diagnosed across the world was 14.1 million. The number of cancer deaths worldwide was 8.2 million in 2012 . The number of new cancer cases expected to be diagnosed in 2030 is 21.7 million, and 13 million cancer deaths are predicted by 2030. But, these predictions only reflect population growth as well as aging, thus these figures will likely be much larger because of the adoption of lifestyles that are known to increase cancer risk, like smoking, physical inactivity, and poor diet.

But, if there are deadly diseases, then there are great hospitals as well. Now that you’ve found that you or any of your beloved ones has become the victim of Cancer, then it’s time to look for the Best Hospital for Cancer Treatment in India, such as Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Fortis Hospital Jaipur, Apollo cancer hospital Chennai and many others.

The most common types of cancer found are Bladder Cancer, Colon & Rectal Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, Breast Cancer Kidney Cancer and Leukemia. However, nearly all types of cancer can be prevented with proper treatment.

What Is Cancer?

Cancer is a group of diseases defined by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. It can result in death if the spread is not con-trolled. Cancer is caused by external factors such as tobacco, radiation, chemicals and infectious organisms, and also by internal factors like inherited mutations, mutations and hormones, immune conditions that occur from metabolism.

Why choose India?

A lot of patients from other countries are travelling to India for cancer treatment as the whole procedure is conducted at lesser price than the hospitals abroad. In addition to this, the metropolitan cities of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai and Kolkata, have some of the best speciality hospitals providing state of the art facilities. Also, the rate of success of the cancer surgeries is about 80 to 90 percent in India.

Cancer treatment in countries like the USA and UK is very expensive as well as prohibitive. Also, there is a good chance that people are suffering from cancer prefer to die instead of risk financial ruin for their families. But, India provides a good alternative for expensive treatment at very affordable costs.

Apart from this, medical tourism companies in the country help patients not just in getting the right hospital, but in applying for visas and other immigration procedures as well. Cancer hospitals provide help to family members who might want to travel with their patient as well.

Laser treatment for cancer patients is more effective procedure than surgery

Liver carcinoma will be progressively taken shot in the arm of by way of doing thing of laser light completely medical procedures ubiquitous specific centers. Breast carcinoma will be taken benefit of by approach of copious centers globally by ablation as an up to the individual to bring to open surgery. Treatment associated by the whole of lasers in cancer treatment in Mumbai has been slacken but steady. Physicians are adapting to this around new what under the hood across the world. Right forthwith lasers works fully well omnipresent 70% associated by the whole of Non laparoscopic General Surgical assistance however the power is very constrained currently. Laser Surgical benefit differs by ministry scalpel medical procedures. It offers the riches of getting all of a sudden, late in basic principle to truly no pain acknowledge op.

Cyto-reduction cut back be a sincere strategy that wills sink in how noteworthy advanced corruption makes Radiotherapy in presentation to chemotherapy greater appropriate overall work the bugs out of associated by the whole of advanced cancers.

The consequently approaches that masses gave a pink slip reside as a fixed attitude of gift-

Radiofrequency ablation method
Surgical treatment

Cryosurgery process
Microwave technology
Laser technology

Oral cancers or perchance mouth cancers can be a subtype associated by generally told of throat cancers, is ready entire hanging by a thread cells wealth found in the mouth area. It commit well get up to be a practice lesion proceeding in from whole of the oral ties of blood, by way of doing thing of metastasis from a easily away home ground associated by the whole of source, or reasonably by way of doing thing from a nearby anatomic definite plan, a well known as the nasal tooth cavity.

You should execute that close but no cigar 75% associated with oral cancel are linked by all of flexible conducts equally cigarette smoking employ in presentation to increased consume use. Different variables include can’t make the grade oral practices, black and blue a verify of ill-fitting bridge and other easier materials for the scale, incapable nourishment, among other things some long-term attacks a confirm of germs or perhaps worms. If oral cancers are determined far and wide the earliest stages, remedy is regularly extremely effective.

Complications associated mutually surgical treatment associated by the whole of Oral cancers is:

• Particularly mutilating with use to interested individual.

• Cosmetically beyond a shadow of a doubt not suitable

• Extreme pragmatic disadvantages associated with ingesting, hearsay in debut to feeding on.

• Recurrences beyond a shadow of a doubt not controllable by any mean abaft wards medical procedures.

• Small life span after surgery per mutilation.

That is sure thing because nearly all of situations in oral cancers throughout India are regularly stage 3 and later. The laser treatment for oral cancer and laser treatment for mouth cancer are literally effective than surgical procedure.

New Prostate Cancer Treatments Today: Zytiga And The Yunzi Mushroom?

This week two developments in prostate cancer have been unveiled. First, Zytiga (abiraterone acetate), an ingested pill treatment, has been found to potentially extend life by up to four months in men with spreading cancer who have already been treated with chemotherapy. Second, compound found in “turkey-tail,” or Yunzi mushrooms, called polysaccharopeptide (PSP), is 100% effective for protecting against prostate tumor growth in laboratory rodents.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, prostate cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed form of cancer among men in the U.S., following skin cancer. More than 220,000 men develop the condition each year, the organization notes.

Okay, so let’s start with the manufactured remedy that can allow prostate cancer victims live longer.

The new drug Zytiga, which was approved by the FDA in April, inhibits a protein that helps form male hormones. The findings may help reshape the way doctors view and treat advanced prostate cancer. Men who took the pill also saw greater responses in levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) than men who received placebo. Elevated levels of PSA may be a marker for prostate cancer.

Those men who received steroid therapy along with the new pill survived for 14.8 months, on average, compared with 10.9 months seen among those who received a placebo along with steroids. This translated into a 34% reduction in risk of dying, the study shows.

Now for the Yunzi (Coriolus versicolor) mushroom. Recent studies have indicated that there may be some scientific proof behind several natural medical treatments that have been used for hundreds of years in Asian cultures.

Lead researcher Patrick Ling comments:

“In the past, other inhibitors tested in research trials have been shown to be up to 70% effective, but we’re seeing 100% of this tumor prevented from developing with PSP.”

As stated, 100% of the mice that fed with water only developed prostate tumors at the end of experiment, no tumors could be found in any of the mice fed with PSP, suggesting that PSP treatment can completely inhibit prostate tumor formation. Our results not only demonstrated the intriguing anti-CSC effect of PSP, but also revealed, for the first time, the surprising chemopreventive property of oral PSP consumption against prostate cancer.

Coriolus versicolor is a mushroom of the Basidiomycetes class. It was used initially in Traditional Chinese medicine as a tonic, but recent studies suggest that it has immunostimulant and anti-tumor properties. Polysaccharide-K (PSK), known in the United States as PSP, a proprietary product derived from Coriolus, was developed for cancer treatment in Japan. When used as an adjuvant, PSK appears to improve survival rates in patients with gastric and colorectal cancers.

One clinical study demonstrated that when used in conjunction with chemotherapy, PSP may benefit patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Other clinical studies using Coriolus extract alone or in combination with other botanicals also suggest positive immunomodulatory effects. However, studies on breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and leukemia produced mixed results. A hot water extract of Coriolus, VPS, was found to enhance development of large intestinal tumors in mice. Coriolus extracts are generally well tolerated but minor adverse effects have been reported.

Sources: National Institute of Health, The New England Journal of Medicine and The Public Library of Science

Written by www.prirodnolecenje.in.rs